Spinning is a term for indoor, group-stationary cycling usually led by a certified instructor. It is a non-impact workout that can be enjoyed by participants of all ages and fitness levels. Utilizing a specially designed stationary bike, spinning classes target both the body and mind in a unique exercise program.

What is it?

Spinning is an exercise program that utilizes a specially designed stationary bicycle and a series of cycling movements that provide the participant with both a physical and mental workout. The spinning bike is designed to mimic an outdoor bicycle ride. The bike has fixed gear-racing handlebars, pedals equipped with clips or cages and an adjustable bike seat. The intensity of your workout can be adjusted by manipulating the resistance knob, which is located on each spinning bicycle.

A typical spinning program lasts about 40 minutes and is often led by a spinning-certified instructor. During the workout, the instructor uses a variety of visual and auditory techniques to motivate the class. Participants are often led through a simulated bike ride, where they may encounter steep hills and rolling pastures. The participants are able to make adjustments on their cycles, which correspond to the difficulty of the perceived ride. Some spinning participants wear headphones that pipe in music that simulates road conditions that may be experienced in a typical outdoor bike ride.

Heart rate monitors, sometimes worn during the workout, allow participants to gauge how hard they are working. Once participants get into the aerobic portion of the workout, the heart rate monitor can tell them if they are working in their target heart rate zones.

Like other well-planned aerobic workouts, spinning classes should begin with a warm-up routine and end with a cool-down segment that includes stretching exercises.

Who can participate?

People of varying ages and fitness levels can enjoy spinning. It is considered a non-impact sport, meaning it will not place undo stress on the body's joints. Spinning is non-competitive, so people of various fitness levels can enjoy this workout together.


Spinning can enhance cardiovascular fitness and improve muscle tone and exercise endurance. Spinning works various muscle groups, including the quadriceps, hamstrings, calves, hips and abdominal muscles.

The spinning participant determines the intensity of the workout, which fosters a non-competitive class atmosphere.

For those who want to enjoy cycling year round, spinning classes are not affected by outside weather conditions. Spinning is a great way for the outdoor cycling enthusiast to stay in shape year round.

Spinning does not require that the participant learn any complicated dance steps, as some other aerobic workouts do. This eliminates the "intimidation factor" that is associated with certain aerobic workouts.



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