Discussions between scientists about nutrition and what diet is best have been around for ever. Even in ancient China physicians argued their ideas with little common ground achieved. Today with nutrition a respected science, it is now common for people of different ethnic heritage and different cultural habits to share their ideas on nutrition, cooking styles, family experience with illness, and life expectancy. After studying the vast number of different diets, anthropologists are now able to find common ground on the most common health tips know to maintain health and provide a long life.
The most common dietary tips are:
1. For the average sized Chinese person weighing 135 lbs (61kg), limit the number of calories consumed per day to no more than 1,800. If possible consume foods packed with nutrients but low in calories.
2. Derive on more than 30% of all calories from fat, 20% from protein and 50% from carbohydrates. For calculating purposes, it helps to know that one gram of protein has about four calories, one gram of fat has about nine calories, and one gram of carbohydrate has about four calories. In this case a 135 pound (61kg) female would need about 240 grams of carbohydrates, 63.4 grams of fat, and 96 grams of protein per day.
3. Only eat lean meats, with most fat removed. In the wild all animals have lean bodies. As a result, farmed animals, live a very unnatural life, basically simulating the sedentary lifestyle of modern humans. As a result farmed animals also suffer from obesity and as such meat from farmed animals is very high in fat content. The only option is to cut off all superficial fat, before cooking.
4. Eat 3 servings of fruit per day. A good example is 1 apple, 1 orange and 1 banana.
5. When choosing vegetables, consume as many different colors as possible.
6. Do not over cook your vegetables. Steaming and stir frying is regarded as the best cooking methodology. If stir frying, try to always use oil high in monounsaturated fats such as olive oil and soy oil.
7. Eat your meals as you wish. The time of meals is not important. What is important is calories.
8. Counting calories is always a headache. However, with the web at your hands, it has never been easier to check how many calories are right for you, and how to count calories every time your cook. A good web page to assist you in your calorie calculationsis : http://nutrition.about.com/od/askyournutritionist/f/macronutrients.htm
Nutrition is not a one sided story. Modern humans have migrated to every ecosystem on planet earth, and with this migration, we have had to adapt to different food resources. Even our body shape has been affected by climate and different diets, and this is easily explained by comparing the different body shapes of Northern Chinese and Southern Chinese. There is therefore no need for dramatic changes to ones traditional diet. What is necessary is recognition of the need for proper nutrition and responsible calorie consumption.